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Waste to Energy Pre-feasibility Study in Bangladesh

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ESC was commissioned to undertake a Pre-feasibility study for the proposed construction of a 1000 tonne per day (TPD) waste to energy facility in Chittagong City, Bangladesh in 2018.   

About the Project

Chittagong is a major coastal city in south-eastern Bangladesh and countries the second-largest city. The city has a population of more than 2.59 million distributed within the 41 wards of the city that occupy 168 sq. km, while the metropolitan area has a population of 4,009,423 (2011 Census). The city is located on the banks of the Karnaphuli River between the Chittagong Hill Tracts and the Bay of Bengal. The Chittagong City Corporation (CCC) is responsible for governing municipal areas in the Chittagong Metropolitan Area (CMA). 

The objective is to provide technical assistance to the client to assess the potential to develop, site, design, specify, finance, construct, and operate on a 1,000 tpd SWM project in Chittagong City, Bangladesh, to be developed in partnership with CCC. 

Our Approach

ESC reviewed and examined previous relevant studies and identified gaps. A rapid audit of CCC solid waste management systems was then undertaken, as well as its waste disposal sites and any sites that may have been preliminarily identified for the project.  

ESC further evaluated the project based on initial findings, identifying, and ranking the various options and technologies to be implemented against the adopted assessment criteria.  

Following the assessment’s findings, the highest-ranked or preferred option will be subjected to a more in-depth preliminary technical and financial analysis, which will include pricing and payment structures, costs, and revenue performance indicators, as well as a preliminary demonstration of (or likely minimum requirements for) commercial viability via analysis of CapEX, OPEX (+/-25%), and potential.

Our international and multidisciplinary teams from India supported the Asian Development Bank (ADB) Philippines for pre-feasibility studies in Bangladesh.


The pre-feasibility study provided an overview of the socio-environmental, legal, and institutional contexts, as well as a study of the current state of CCC SWM systems in Chittagong. It presents an analysis of the stakeholders along with a series of options for resolving the challenges, the institutional set-up required, the main findings and recommendations.  

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